How to Prepare Your Roses for Winter?

If the plants overwinter well, you will be able to enjoy the great blossoms next season. Roses are very sensitive, so they need more care, and these plants want comfortable conditions. We advise on how to cover the roses and take care of these flowers before the winter frosts. It is the best way to cover the roses with a thicker layer of snow. All other measures should be taken only when there is not enough snow. If you live in a cold country but snow is not very common there, then you should cover your roses and do a few other tricks.

Stop Fertilizing

Will the roses survive the frost of winter depends on the strength of the shoots. Young branches will die in severe frosts, so it is not worth stimulating their growth at the end of the season. Stop fertilizing with nitrogen fertilizer. At the end of the season, roses need more potassium and phosphorus fertilizers, they strengthen the root system of the plant. The color of the branches allows you to determine if the plant is ready for wintering. The shade of red shoots indicates active growth. The green color of the shoots indicates a mature twig. In winter, roses need regular and abundant watering, and in autumn they no longer need watering. Otherwise, the rose bush will be weakened and poorly wintered.

Shoots and Pruning

Prune all young shoots in late August or early September, as this will stop their growth. It may be too late to do this work in mid-fall. In the second half of September, when the morning frost begins, pruning of roses can begin. First you need to remove all the buds, weak, middle-growing shoots. In late October – early November, you need to remove all the rose leaves and burn them. This is the prevention of fungal diseases. Leaves left on the ground can begin to rot and infect the entire plant.


Make sure the rose graft site is below the ground level. If it is naked, then the plant needs to be mulched. Special peat can be used for this purpose. Peat packages will indicate that they are intended to cover plants during the winter. However, if there is frequent warming and snowfall during the winter, mulched roses can start to rot. Mulching in such cases is appropriate only if the roses are growing on a slope.


Thicker materials and textiles will be suitable for winter cover. The wider the fabric is, the better conditions for the roses will be created. It is also very excellent to use spruce twigs. A waterproof material is still applied on top. The film is undesirable because it is easily torn off by the wind, and it is not possible to fix the edges by burying in the ground: there must be air circulation so that the plant does not suffocate when the air warms up. Do not scatter fallen leaves around the rose, as they are half and can infect the plant with rot.